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Stainless steel is an alloyed type of steel, that is used in various industrial applications due to its specific chemical interaction and properties. Stainless steel is typically made of iron, chromium, nickel and other alloying elements such as manganese, molybdenum or titanium.

The addition of chromium is an essential feature of stainless steel, as it gives this steel its corrosion resistance. The chromium content forms of a thin passive oxide layer on the surface that protects the underlying material from corrosion.

The addition of nickel improves resistance to acids and increases the strength and ductility of the material. Manganese is often used to improve the workability of the steel and to balance the effects of other alloying elements.

Common types of stainless steel include AISI 304 and AISI 316. AISI 304, also known as V2A steel, is an austenitic stainless steel and is characterized by its good corrosion resistance and its versatile applications. AISI 316, also known as V4A steel, contains molybdenum in addition to chromium and nickel, which further improves its corrosion resistance in aggressive environments such as seawater or chemical processes.

Depending on the specific requirements and application, different types of stainless steel can be produced to

have different properties. For example, there are austenitic stainless steels, which are particularly corrosion-resistant and non-magnetic, and martensitic and ferritic stainless steels, which are characterized by their hardness and magnetic properties.

Stainless steel is used in a wide range of industries including food processing, chemical, medical, construction and automotive. Its versatile properties make it a popular material for applications that require high durability, corrosion resistance and aesthetic appearance.

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